Who Was the Commander of the Lord’s Army in Joshua 5

Title: Unveiling the Commander of the Lord’s Army in Joshua 5: A Divine Encounter


The book of Joshua recounts the epic conquest of the Promised Land by the Israelites after their forty years of wandering in the wilderness. One intriguing encounter in this narrative is the discovery of the Commander of the Lord’s Army. This enigmatic figure holds immense significance, as he plays a pivotal role in guiding Joshua and the Israelites towards their conquest of Jericho. In this article, we will delve into the question of who this commander was and explore the various interpretations surrounding his identity.

Unveiling the Identity:

1. Who was the Commander of the Lord’s Army in Joshua 5?
The identity of the Commander of the Lord’s Army has been a subject of debate among scholars and theologians. While there are different interpretations, the most widely accepted view is that this figure was a pre-incarnate manifestation of Jesus Christ.

2. Why do some believe the Commander was Jesus Christ?
Those who hold this view argue that the Commander’s divine attributes and the worship he receives align with the nature of Christ as presented in the New Testament. Additionally, the parallels between this encounter and other theophanies in the Bible suggest a connection to Jesus.

3. What biblical evidence supports this interpretation?
The description of the Commander’s appearance, the instruction to remove his sandals (similar to Moses’ encounter with the burning bush), and his acceptance of worship all correlate with Jesus’ divine nature found in the New Testament.

4. Was the Commander an angel or a human?
While some argue that the Commander was an angel, the evidence leans towards him being a divine being rather than a created one. His acceptance of worship and the reference to the “commander of the army of the Lord” suggests a higher rank than that of an angel.

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5. Can we consider the Commander to be God?
The Commander is not explicitly identified as God in the text, but his divine attributes and authority, combined with the reverence shown towards him, suggest a divine presence.

6. Is it possible that the Commander was a representation of God’s presence rather than an actual person?
While this interpretation is plausible, the narrative seems to present the Commander as an individual with whom Joshua interacts and receives guidance from.

7. Did the Commander have a specific purpose in appearing to Joshua?
The Commander’s appearance served to encourage and assure Joshua of divine assistance in the conquest of Jericho. His presence symbolized the divine authority behind the Israelites’ mission.

8. Were there any other instances in the Bible where a similar encounter occurred?
Yes, there are other instances in the Bible where individuals encountered divine beings taking on human form. For example, Jacob wrestling with God in Genesis 32 and Abraham’s encounter with the three visitors in Genesis 18.

9. How did Joshua respond to the Commander’s presence?
Joshua immediately fell on his face and worshipped the Commander, recognizing his divine authority and submitting to his guidance.

10. What significance does this encounter hold for the Israelites?
This encounter marked a crucial turning point for the Israelites, affirming God’s presence and involvement in their conquest of the land. It instilled confidence in Joshua and the people, bolstering their faith in God’s promises.

11. Did the Commander offer any specific instructions to Joshua?
The Commander instructed Joshua to remove his sandals, for the ground he stood on was holy. This mirrored the encounter between God and Moses at the burning bush, signifying the divine presence and the need for reverence.

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12. How does this encounter relate to our lives today?
The encounter with the Commander of the Lord’s Army serves as a reminder of God’s faithfulness and his willingness to actively guide and support us in our own battles. It encourages us to trust in his providence and seek his guidance as we face challenges.


The identity of the Commander of the Lord’s Army in Joshua 5 remains a subject of interpretation and theological debate. While various views exist, the prevailing belief is that this figure was a pre-incarnate manifestation of Jesus Christ. This encounter highlights the divine presence and guidance available to Joshua and the Israelites, assuring them of God’s faithfulness in their conquest of the Promised Land. Ultimately, this enigmatic encounter serves as a powerful reminder of God’s unwavering support and guidance in our own life’s battles.

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